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Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin): Overview

Vitamin B-2 (a.k.a. riboflavin) is one of the B-complex vitamins which also includes biotin, choline, folic acid, inositol, vitamin B-1, vitamin B-3, vitamin B-5, vitamin B-6 and vitamin B-12. Riboflavin can be found in dairy products, eggs, leafy green vegetables, and whole grains.

Vitamin B-2 is necessary for proper function of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, and is also involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, protein and oxygen.

Vitamin B-2 Deficiency

Riboflavin deficiency is not common but when it occurs it is known as ariboflavinosis. A common cause of B-2 deficiency is an abnormal or unvaried diet, as it is very easy to obtain enough riboflavin via a reasonably balanced diet. Individuals most susceptible to deficiency are those suffering from alcoholism, eating disorders, chronic liver disease, malabsorption, HIV disease, and the elderly.

Vitamin B-2's Health Benefits

In addition to being necessary for good health, vitamin B-2 has been shown to have other benefits. Studies show that riboflavin may play a role in reducing the occurrence of migraine headaches. Additionally, chronic riboflavin deficiency has been linked with development of esophageal cancer in certain areas of the world.

Using Vitamin B-2

Use as directed and take with solid food. Riboflavin may harmlessly tint the urine a bright yellow color. Consult your physician before using any dietary supplements if you are currently taking any medications.